Context and Justification
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs)
Despite all the efforts made by our health systems worldwide, Cardiovascular Diseases (CVDs) are still the Number one cause of death in the world. More people die annually from CVDs than from any other
According to World Health Organization (WHO), In 2016, 17.9 million people die from CVDs, representing 31% of all global deaths. More than 75% of CVD deaths occur in low and middle-income countries. 85% of deaths are due to heart attacks and stroke. According to statistics, by 2030, almost 23.6 million people in the world will die from CVDs.
According to the Cameroonian Society of Cardiology (Dec 2016), Cardiovascular Diseases are on a rise in Cameroon, and already affects nearly 35% of the adult population (17000 officially recorded each year).
If nothing is done, cardiovascular diseases will remain the first and most dangerous cause of death in the World, in Africa and in Cameroon more precisely.
Some Hospitals in Cameroon try to solve this problem by organising counselling sessions in the hospital for Cardiovascular Diseases Patients, Diabetic patients and their Families in order to limit the death rate due to these diseases; these hospitals are very rare.
Some NGOs and Health Promotion structures use mass communication (television, radio and social media), which are effective at the instant, but not Sustainable.
World Medical Students (WMS) will apply the solutions proposed by the World Health Organisation to reduce the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Cameroon, and more particularly in Dschang and her surroundings. We are going to use the Population-wide approach (Promoting physical activity, healthy school meals for children, reduction of the harmful use of alcohol and tobacco, reducing the consumption of fats, sugar and salt…), and the Interpersonal (Individual) approach, which is more adapted for our situation in Cameroon, particularly in the west region where the income and resources are low. In the Individual approach, we are going to base on the risk factors of an individual to
substantially reduce or avoid cardiovascular events. Those risk factors are;
o Sedentarity …
We are going to focus on the risk factors to screen the most exposed/affected populations, follow-up if necessary, referring them to specialists from our network or from the District Hospitals for secondary prevention (treatment) and prevent the diseases in safe populations.
Our agents will follow-up our clients through our Tele-Health platform and physically from time to time to make sure they are respecting the prescriptions.
Knowing that some internally Displaced People and other disfavoured populations do not have the means to change their lifestyle (feeding habit) due to the lack of Job, and that they are more exposed,
they’ll be assisted by our Department of Protection, Assistance and Monitoring of Vulnerable Persons.
If all these approaches are respected individually, nearly 75% of recurrent vascular events will be prevented.
o WMS heart Protection Project has as general objective, reducing the incidence and prevalence of Cardiovascular Diseases in Cameroon (particularly in the west region), and in other Countries where World Medical Students shall be implanted.
o In the same way, this project will permit medical and health Sciences students to put in practice their theoretical knowledge and get in touch with their future professions.
• Expand health coverage in Dschang from 2021 and henceforth.
• Visit and screen 50 households per month to prevent cardiovascular diseases.
• Ameliorating the feeding habits of the Student Population of Dschang.
• Raise awareness on the causes and prevention of cardiovascular diseases to more than 2160 people per year.
• Train 60 students on the taking and interpretation of vital parameters
• Enable medical students to gain skills that would permit them to interact with patients efficiently after 2 outings.
• Produce 60 exceptional medical students and future medical professionals on December 2021 and each year with the collaboration of Medical faculties in the respective regions.
Description of WMS heart Protection Project
Each end of the month, during weekends, we shall send 10 teams on the field, made up of 3 members;
1) In charge of Anamnesis
2) In charge of Physical parameters
3) In charge of interpreting, Counselling and recording patients’ information.
Each team will have a total of 5 households to visit in two days (the last Saturday and Sunday of the
month), so we shall have a total of 50 households to visit per month in a given town (starting from
Dschang and surrounding villages) and following a planned trajectory.
In each household, the team in charge is going to operate as such;
• Discuss/educate the Family/individuals on the risk factors of Cardiovascular Diseases and some
• Open an excel file to record some data and (identification, contact information …) concerning the
household. These data will permit us to have some statistics and to further our research.
• Anamnesis of the Head of the family and adolescents in the family.
• Record vital parameters (Blood Pressure, Pulse rate, temperature, temperature …) and calculate
the Body Mass Index of each individual in the family into the file that we keep with us (an excel
file) for research purposes.
• Interpretation of the parameters, counselling and plan the next visit (either via our Tele-Health
platform or physically).
• If the values are abnormal in a particular household, or if they are at risk, then a next visit shall be planned 2 weeks after in order to follow the progression. If by then it’s still critical, we shall refer them to a specialist.
• At the end of the weekend, each team will have 2 days to write a report of all activities carried out, and submit to the Department of Health and Wellbeing with pictures and data.
The team will have to revisit the families/households after two weeks to make sure they are following the advice given.
The different actors of this project shall be recycled regularly by our Educational Speakers and Honorary members to maintain or ameliorate their skills.
We shall also put a team in place to edit content on the diet (Department of Nutrition), attitude, activities … to adopt in order to avoid or to live with cardiovascular diseases. This content shall be shared in hard copies and on our different social media (Facebook, tweeter, Instagram, website…) to reach more people.
We shall make sure we adapt to new technologies once we’ve made more partners and sponsors for financial and material support. We believe we can invent our own technologies with our Department of Scientific Research and Innovation.